My Day Off
Most people in our contry work five days a week
but students and pupils work six days. They have only
one day off. It is Sunday.
I like this day very much. On this day I wake
up later than usual. As soon as I get up I air the,
make my bad and do morning exercises. Then I
have breakfast. Two more hours for getting ready
with my homework and I am free.
I meet my friends and we discuss our plans
together. We may go to the cinema or theatre, to
museums and parks.
In fine weather we also like to be out of town.
We find a nice place somewhere in the forest or on the bank of the river.
We lie in the sun, play different games and swim. In
winter my friends and I often go to the skating-ring.
When the weather is bad my friends come to my
place. We listen to music or go to the cinema.
In the evening all the members of our family
get together. We have our supper, watch TV or read
books. I enjoy my days off very much.
My Duties about the house.
My name is ...... I am 17 years old. I have
already finished my school. There are four people in
my family: my mother, my father, my brother and
myself. We have a two-room flat. There is alvays
much work in the house. There is alvays much work in
the garden near the summer-cottage. My duties about
the house are to clean the rooms, to wash the dishes
after meals, to do shopping. Sometimes I help my
mother to bake cakes and pies, to lay the table for
meals. I usually help my sister to do lessons. In
the spring and in the autumn I often help my parents
in the garden. I looke after the flowers and
vegetables. I enjoy helping my parents.
English Speaking Countries.
Great Britain, USA, Canada, Australia and New
Zealand are English speaking countries. They are
situated in different parts of the world and differ
in many ways.
The nature of these countries, their weather
and climate and way of life of their people differ.
Each coutry has it's own history customs, traditions,
its own national holidays. But they all have a common
language. English, the language of the people who
left England to make their names in new countries.
The United Kindom of Great Britain and North
Ireland consist of 4 parts: England, Scotland, Wales,
Northen Ireland. The British Isles are group of islands
lying off the noth-west coast of the continent of
Europe. There are no high mountains, no very long
river, no great forest in U.K. The population of the
U.K. is almost fifty-six million. Great Britain is
a capitalists country.
The USA is situated in the central part of the
North American continent. The population of the USA
is more then 236 million people. The USA is a highly
develoed industrial country. In the USA there are
two main political parties, the Democratic Party
and the Republican Party.
Canada has area of nearly 10 million square
kilometres. It's westen coast is washed by the
Pacific Ocean and its eastern coast by the Atlantic
Ocean. The population of Canada is over 26 million
people. Canada is a capitalist federal state and a
member of the Commonwealth.
The Commonwealth of Australia territories are
the continent of Australia, the island of Tasmania
and number of smaller islands. Australia has an
area of nearly eight million square kilometres.
The population of Australia is over sixteen million
people. The Commonwealth of Australia is a capitalist
self- governing federal state.
New Zealand is situated south-east of Australia.
The country consists of the large islands called North
Island, South Island and Stewart Island and also
many small islands. The population of New Zealand is
over three million people. New Zealand is a capitalist
self-governing state and a meember of the Commonwealth.
Famous People of Great Britain.
Ch. Darvin, a great English naturalist,
developed the idea of evolution of all living things
from simpler creatures. He wrote two most famous
books "The Origin of Species" and "The Descent of
Man". Ch.Darvin is buried in westminster Abbey,
among the greatest English scientists.
Isaac Newton, one of the greatest men in the
history of science was born in England in 1642. He
may be considered the founder of modern mathematics,
physics and spectrography. He discovered the low of
motion and the universal Law of gravitation. Sir
Isaac Newton lies buried in Westminster Abbey.
Humphry Davy is one of the greatest English
chemists. One of his inventions is the miners safety
lamp, known as the Davy Lamp.
Michael Faraday is an English chemist and
physicist. He was the discoverer of electromagnetic
induction, of the law of relations between light and
magnetism. He was the greatest experimental genious.GREAT BRITAIN.
The official name of this country is the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is divided into
four parts: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland.
The British Isles are group of islands lying off the north
-west coast of the continent of Europe. England, Wales and
Scotland are in Great Britain, Northern Ireland is situated
in the north-easten part of Ireland. There are no high
mountains, no very long rivers,no great forest in U.K. The
climate of the British Isles is not very cold in winter and
never hot in summer. The population of the U.K. is almost
fifty six million. Britain is an industrial country.
A lot of things such as clothes, food, planes, cars and many
others are made in U.K. In the U.K. there are a lot of
cattle-farms. The U.K. is a parlamentary
manarchy. Great Britain is a capitalist country.
Kastus Kalinovsky the Fighter for Independence of Belarus.
K.Kalinovsky was born in 1838 on the 21-st of January not far
from Grodno in Belarus. His parents were not rich. There were 18
children in the family. Kalinovsky's mother Veronica Rybinskaya
died early and the elder brother, Victor, a student of Moscow
University, took care of Kastus. In 1855 Kastus graduated from a
secondary school in Svisloch and entered Moscow University. But
in 1856 he changed his mind and became a student of St.Petersburg
University. There Kalinovsky met Russian democrats Belynsky,
Chernyshevsky, Dobrolubov. He shared their ideas and followed
them. In 1861 K.Kalinovsky came back to Belarus. He took an
active part in organizing the uprising of 1863 in Belarus and
Lithuania. But the tsarist army dispersed the uprising. In 1864
Kastus Kalinovsky was arrested and hanged as the learder of the
uprising. He fought for national independence of Byelorussian
people, the development of national culture and education. His
name became a symbol of action and struggle for the rights of
oppressed people in Belarus and Lithuania.
London is the capital of Great Britain, its political,
economic and cultural centre. It is situated on the both
banks of the Thames. London is one of the largest cities
in the world. It's population is more than 9 million
people. London was founded more then twenty centuries ago.
The East End includes the poorer districts, the
industrial center, the port, the London docks. The
streets here are narrow and dirty, the houses are poor.
Working class families live here. London is famous for
its wonderful places of interest such as the British
Museum, the Tower of London, Buckingham Palace, and many
I suppose that the first thing I must tell you is my name. I'm
Andrei Kiporuk. I was born on the 8th of August 1980 in Minsk.
Now I'm 15 years old. (This) In a Year I am Finishing school N88.
I've been studying here during 9(11) years. I studied not so well
at school. My favourite subject is Mathematic. And after
finishing school I want to enter the University. I'm going to
became a programmer. As for my hobbies I'm found of listening to
modern music and I spend my all free time at my computer not only
playing but programming on it.
Outstang People of our Country.
I'm proud of living in Byelorussia which has always been famous
for its people ДД industrious, kind, hospitable and friendly.
Byelorussia has given the world many famous people in all fields
of life. But I think the most outstanding figure of Byelorussia
is Frantsisk Skorina. He is the founder of byelorussian and
Slavonic book-printing, a scientist, a writer, a translator, a
doctor of phylosophy and medicine, a humorist. He influenced the
development of many branches of Byelorussian culture.
The ideas of humanism and patriotism of the Renaissance began
penetrating into Belarus and it was Frantsisk Skorina who
introduced them in Byelorussia.
The great son of the Byelorussian people, Frantsisk Skorina was
born in the family of a merchant in Polotsk in about 1490. He got
his primary education in Polotsk, and then learned phylosophy at
the Krakow University. In 1517 Scorina went to Prague where he
started translating and printing the Bible. He published 20
His genius can be compared with that Leonardo do Vinchi, Rafael,
Michaeclangelo, Thomas Moor. By the UNESCO desision his name is
included in the list of the most prominent scientists of Slovonic
Protection of Environment.
With the development of civilization man's
interference in nature grows up. It leads to different
negative factors are: the pollution of water, air,
soil and the destruction of the ozone layer.
This problem must be solved if we want topreserve life on our planet. This problem is global
problem that's why all countries of the world, all
people, young and old, must take an active part in
the protection of natural resources rationly.
Factoriyes and plants must have purification systems
to preserve the purity of water, air and soil.
We must take care of plants, trees, animals,
birds and fishes, especially of those that are dying
We also have a Red Book where rare and dying
out plants, birds, animals are registered. Though the role
of people in the solution of
ecological problems has greatly increased, we
can't say that we are doing all in our power, to
stop harmful processes in preserving the
The folowing radical measures must be taken:
1. The replanting of trees that have been cut
2. Nuclear tests should be stopped;
3. Purificution systems must be installed at
plants and factories;
4. Natural resources should be used more
5.Rare and dying out birds, animals and plant's
should be protected;
6.Precaution measures should be taken against
the destruction of the ozone layer.
My favorit season.
There are four seasons in the year. There are winter, spring,
summer and autumn. My favorit season is summer, because I was
born in summer. It is warm and sometimes hot. There are many
fruits, berries and vegatables. In summer I can spend my time on
the beach of lakes and rivers. I swim in lakes and rivers. I can
drive my bicycle and our car. We go to the forest for looking for
berries and mushrooms. We go to Slonim for a month. My
grandmother and grandfather live there. My sister and I help them
in the garden. And of course I like Summer very much because
there is the longest holiday in summer.
Sightseenings of London.
The Tower of London is the most famous of all
the historical buildings in London. It stands today
almost unchanged since first it was built in the 11th
centure. In the past the Tower of London served both
as a palace and as a state prison, but it is only a
St Paul's Cathedral is the greatest work of
England's greatest architector Christopher Wren. The
cathedral was begun in 1675 . It was opened in 1697
but was finished only in 1710, when Wren was almost
eighy years old. There are memorials to many famous
men of England in the Cathedral.
Trafalgar Square is in the centre of the West End
of London. On the north side is the National Gallery;
in the north-east corner is the National Portrait
Gallery, and in the centre is Nelson's Column with
the figure of the great seamen.
Trafalgar Square is the place where mass meetings
and demonstrations for peace and for working people's
rights take place.
"Big Ben" is the name of the great bell which
strikes the hour. It is in the clock Tower of the
Houses of Parlament.
Westminster Abbey is the historic building in
London to which every visitor sooner or later goes.
The Abbey was founded in the 11th centure. Many of
Great Britain's famous men are buried in Westminster
Piccadilli Circus is a square in the central part
of London. London's best-known theatres and cinemas and
most famous restaurants are on Piccadilly Circus. In
the square you can see people of many nationalities
and hear a lot of different languages.
Hyde Park is the largest park in the West End of
London. In the 19th century it became a popular place
for public meetings.
The British Museum is one of the largest museums
in the world. It consists of the National Library and
Museum of History, Archaelogy, Art and Ethnography.
Sport holds an important place in our life. When we listen to
the radio in the morning, we can always hear sport news. When we
open a newspaper, we can always find information about some game
or other or an article about our favourite kind of sports.
Television programmes about sport are also very popular, and we
can watch something interesting every day.
Sport helps people to keep in good health. Sport also makes us
more organized in our daily activities.
National game and sports competitions are popular in our
country. People go in for many kinds of sports. There are sports
grounds near every school, every institute, every factory and
plant. Besides there are sports clubs and sport school in every
town. Many people go there for training.
As to me I go in for table-tennis. I like this kind of sport. My
friend likes table-tennis too. We often play it both. There are
many sport teams at school. They are a football team, a
voley-ball team, a basket-ball team, a table-tennis team.
1. Does sport hold an inportant place in our life?2. What can we always hear, when we listen to the radio?
3. What can we alway find, when we open a newspaper?
4. Are television programmes about sports also very popular?
5. Does sport help people to keep in good health?
6. Does sport also make us more organized in our daily activities?
7. Are National game and sports competitions popular in our
8. Who go in for many kinds of sports?
9. Are there sports grounds near every school, every institute,
every factory and plants?
10. Are there sports clubs and sports school in every town?
11. Do many people go there the training?
12. What kind of sports do i go in for?
13. I like this kind of sport, don't I?
14. Does my friend like table-tennis too?
15. How do we often play it?
16. Are there many sport teams at school?
17. What teams are at school?
Modern life is impossible without travelling.
Thousands of people travel every day either on
bussines or for pleasure. They can travel by air,
by rail, by see or by road.
Travelling by air is the fastest and the most
convinient way, but it is the most expensive too. To
my mind travelling by train is more interesting. You
can see interesting places of the country you are
travellin throught. Modern trains have very comfortable
seats. There are also sleeping carriages and a dining-
carrige which make even the longest journey enjoyable.
Travelling by sea is very popular. On board of ship you
can enjoy your trip. There are tennis and badminton
grounds, a swimming-pool, a sinema and a dancing hall
there. Some people prefer travelling by car. If you
heve your own car you may go to the Black Sea, where
there are a lot of rest-houses, sanatoriums and tourist
camps. In the daytime you can have a nice opportunity
to play voleyball, swim in the warm water of the sea
and sunbathe. In the evening you like to sit on the
beach watching the sea and enjoying the sunset.
As for me I'm a hiker. I like to go on a hike
to the mountins or to the forest. You go agree with
me that it is pleasant to gather mushrooms and berries
in the forest, swim in the river, make a fire and
prepare meals on it. On my week-end I take a tent, a
rucksack and go to railway station take the train.
In an hour I find myself out of noisy city. The air
is fresh, birds sing their merry songs. To make my
long story short I'd like to say that travelling
is one of my hobbies. Travelling helps me to see
to coutry-side better, to know about customs and
traditions of the Republic, to meet people and make
friends with them.
The USA is situated in the central part of the North American
continent. Its western coast is washed by the Pacific Ocean and
its eastern coast by the Atlantic Ocean.
The hiland regions are the Appalachian Mountains in the east,
and the Cordillera in the west. The main rivers of the USA are
the Mississippi, Saint Lawrence River and Hudson River. The USA
is a very large country, so it has several different climatic
The population of the USA is more then 236 million people. Most
of the people live in towns. The largest cities are New York,
Boston, Chicago, Philadelhia, Detroit, San Francisco. The capital
of the USA is Washington. Its a very small town.
The USA is a highly developed industrial ountry, and its
agriculture is highly mechanized. The state of Illinois is
especially rich incoal. Iron is mined near Great Lakes and in
other areas. The USA has rich oilfields in California, Texas,
Alaska and other. The heavy industries are for the most part in
the Middle West, around Detroit and Chicago, and other.
Ship-building is developed in San Francisco and Seatle. The
machine-builing is highly developed especially in Detroit.
The USA is Federal republic consisting of fifty states,each of
which has its own government. The president is head of the state
and the government and chooses the ministers. Congress consists
of two houses, the House of Representatives and Senate. In the
USA there are two main political parties, the Democratic Party
and The Republican Party. The communist Party of the USA is a
party of action, a party working for socialism.
My Working Day.
I am Andrew Kiporuk. I am a puple of the 10th form. I get ut ap
7 o'clock. I wash myself and dress.I make a bed. My friend come
to me at half past 7 and we go to the school. At school I have 7
lessons. I come back home at 3 o'clock. I have dinner. Then I
walk with my dog. Then Help my mother at home. Sometime go for
shopping, pour the flowers. I begin to do my homework at 5
o'clock. I watch TV very seldom, because I have many home task.Sometime I sit at my computer. Sometime Andrey Saynov comes to
me. We talk about our school business. He studied in colledge. I
listen to the music very often. I have supper at 7 o'clock. After
8 o'clock my brothers come to me. And we play on the computer. At
10 o'clock I go to bed.
YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS OF BRITAIN.
There were numerous different youth organizations in Britain. Some
were large, and some small, some nation-wide and some local. Probably
the largest were the Boy Scouts and Girls Guides Associations and the
YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association), and the YWCA (Young Women's
Christian Association) or simply "y" for short. The Boy Scouts and the
Girls Guides were for scool-age teen-agers and the YMCA and the YWCA
were for scool-leavers, college students and young people who had
already started working Boy Scouts and Girls Guides had to do one good
deed every day, to develop themselves mentally and physically. In
summer they went camping in tents with everything done by young people
themselves. At the YMCA and the YWCA more attention was paid for sport
and different social events, such as outing in the country, dances,
debates, amateur activities, etc.
These organizations were founded in the nineteenth century.
Officialy they were non-political, but in reality they aimed not to
let young people think about social and political problems in their
country, to bring them up in the spirit of nationalizm. Boy Scouts and
Girs Guides, for example, promised to be true to the king (queen) and
had to salute the British flag at their meetings.